IBD is a group of disorders affecting the colon and small intestine. In most cases, inflammatory bowel disease is caused by immune reactions of the body used against its own intestinal tissues.
The most prominent types of IBD are ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease which differ in location and nature of the inflammation. Ulcerative colitis occurs only in the colon and the rectum, while Crohn's disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
A variety of prescription drugs and integrative holistic therapies are available as treatment options. Stress reduction and a customized diet plan are often helpful in reducing symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.